Opening the Word: Rejoicing in God

First, awaken. Then repent. Now rejoice. 

Those have been the central themes during these three Sundays of Advent. On the first Sunday, we heard Jesus exhort the disciples, “Therefore, stay awake!” Last Sunday we heard John the Baptist preaching, “Repent!” 

Today, on Gaudete Sunday (from the Latin word for “rejoice”), we hear of joy, exultation, glory and gladness. “Be strong,” declared the prophet Isaiah, “fear not!” Looking to the future, anticipating a time of peace and abundance, he gave several reasons for his call to joy. First, there is the “glory of the Lord, the splendor of our God.” Recognizing God’s existence and acknowledging his beauty and power is foundational to any real joy; without this knowledge, joy is fleeting. Then there is God’s gift of salvation: “Here is your God, he comes with vindication; with divine recompense he comes to save you.” God is not just magnificent, he is magnanimous; he is not only great, he is giving. Finally, this gift of salvation is cause for everlasting joy for it means that we are meant to enter Zion, to come into his presence with thanksgiving — for all of eternity. 

But no joy can be found if we are not awake. And there is no joy for the sinner, for those who refuse to repent cannot be renewed. “The power of rejoicing is always a fair test of a man’s moral condition,” observed Archbishop Fulton Sheen. “No man can be happy on the outside who is already unhappy on the inside. … As sorrow is attendant on sin, so joy is the companion of holiness.” 

Today’s reading from James anticipates one of the serious challenges for everyone who has awoken and repented and now waits: impatience. “Be patient, therefore, brothers,” writes James, who was addressing Christians dispersed outside of Palestine (see Jas 1:1), “until the coming of the Lord.” Impatience has a way of eating at our resolve and hope. When impatience takes over, we are tempted to think we will be better off doing things our ways, in our time and according to our wisdom. We begin to complain and our resolve wilts. Impatience will eventually attack our faith and destroy our peace. 

St. Teresa of Ávila warned of this. “Hope, O my soul, hope,” she wrote. “You know neither the day nor the hour. Watch carefully, for everything passes quickly, even though your impatience makes doubtful what is certain, and turns a very short time into a long one. Dream that the more you struggle, the more you prove the love that you bear your God, and the more you will rejoice one day with your Beloved, in a happiness and rapture that can never end.” 

But what of John the Baptist? Did he give into impatience? After all, the imprisoned prophet sent his disciples to Jesus, asking, “Are you the one who is to come?” But John did this for the benefit of others. “John asks this not because he is ignorant,” explained St. Jerome, “but to guide others who are ignorant and say to them, ‘Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world!’” They were attached to John, but they needed to be transformed by Christ. In sending them to Jesus, John was shaking them awake. 

John the Baptist was a prophet, but he was not the Savior. His greatness came from his faithful, joyful proclamation of the greatness of the Lord. Like him, we are called to rejoice in the glory, the gift and the goodness of God. 

Carl E. Olson is the editor of