By Sister Janet Schaeffler, O.P.
Recently the question was asked about when religious education ''classes'' should begin and end -- which months/dates of the school year were the ''best'' for the beginning and ending of catechetical sessions?
As always, questions are good. Questions provoke conversations, cause us to delve deeper, examine what we are doing and why we are doing it. What is also usually true about questions is that there are other questions underneath the questions that are being asked. That is certainly true of this question.
What else is being asked by this question? Where might it be leading us? What are the challenges and opportunities for today?
The General Directory for Catechesis echoes and, often, directly quotes from earlier catechetical documents of the universal Church in stating that the goal of catechesis is ''to bring people into communion with Jesus as disciples.''
If we are going to journey with children (as well as people of all ages, especially adults) into a life of discipleship, it doesn't just happen in a classroom. It doesn't just happen through imparting information. (The disciples of Jesus weren't formed in a classroom!)
The crucial question isn't really if it's from September 21 through May 28 or in a Catholic school for five days a week September through June. Information alone isn't enough. What happens in a structured school or religious education setting alone doesn't do it anymore.
A long time ago that worked. It worked then because the formation -- the living of it, the discipleship part -- was happening (for many people) much more vividly in families, in neighborhoods and parishes, and in a society built more strongly on Judeo-Christian values. In that kind of milieu, children (and youth and adults) came to the catechetical setting and reflected on what was already being lived out in their lives and all around them. The catechetical setting gave words to the lived reality.
For many people, that's not happening today. Therefore, just imparting the information isn't going to do it. Our challenge -- to help people come to communion with Jesus as disciples -- is about information and formation and transformation.
We need to have the best catechetical programs in our schools and parishes -- and have them for all ages -- but they have to be different, very different, than what we've done in the past. They call for new structures and methods.
So the question -- When should religious education ''classes'' begin and end? -- is not really the question at all. There are much bigger questions, much larger challenges, other possibilities and opportunities.
When we think of faith formation/catechesis,
A few of today's challenging possibilities and opportunities:
Faith formation is much more than ''programs''; the parish is the curriculum. The U. S. bishops document, Our Hearts Were Burning Within Us: A Pastoral Plan for Adult Faith Formation in the United States boldly reminds us: ''The parish is the curriculum...the success of such efforts (intentional programs) rests very much on the quality of the liturgies, the extent of shared decision making, the priorities in the parish budget, the degree of commitment to social justice...'' (No. 118).
This document was written about adult faith formation, but this principle is true for all catechetics. The Gospel message is always being communicated (or contradicted) in everything we do in parish life. The parish is the curriculum; everything we do teaches. Budget decisions, the way a secretary answers the phone and, the prayerful atmosphere of all gatherings, the living of the social justice teachings of the Church, the full, conscious and active participation of all in liturgy, the emphasis placed on following Scripture, etc. -- all communicate and form the faith of everyone in the parish.
These actions/practices and many others, form an unspoken, but consistent and ongoing, catechetical ''program'' in our parishes. Do our parish pastoral councils annually ask themselves the question: In everything that we are living, doing and the ways that we are functioning as a parish, what are we teaching people -- about: God, faith and life, prayer, being Church, justice and peace, living and bringing about the Reign of God?
Catechetics is not just about planning a school year classroom program; it is about the way a parish lives moment by moment. Everything that we do teaches.
Adult faith formation, by which people consciously grow in the life of Christ through experience, reflection, prayer and study, must be 'the central task in (this) catechetical enterprise,' becoming 'the axis around which revolves the catechesis of childhood and adolescence as well as that of old age' (Our Hearts Were Burning Within Us, No. 5).
One of the myths, concerning our faith journey that is still alive, is that we do our learning when we are young. Did we give that idea, years ago, when we told people that if they completed 12 years of Catholic school or religious education, they would ''have it all''?
If, in a parish today, most of the emphasis (time, budget, personnel, space, resources) is given to programs for children and youth, with few resources for adults, what message does that give? Might it be saying that our religion is child-centered; that the faith journey is a child-like relationship?
We know, of course, that nothing could be further from the truth. The ''good news'' that many adults need to encounter is that there is so much more for them to experience in their relationship with God, so much more potential, many more gifts for them to receive and for them to give.
Take seriously the Vatican II principle that parents are the primary catechists of their children. Step back and look at our procedures and attitudes. Are we conveying the attitude that passing on the faith is our work at the parish, and parents are supplementary, or are we co-partners in this? A few things that parishes can continually do to be partners, to assist parents, to affirm parents in their role:
As Michael Warren stated in the Summer 2004 issue of The Living Light, ''Catechesis is actually a smiling invitation to join the Gospel's dance, a dance not of one's arrival but of one's way forward, toward the unnamable and unforgettable.'' What a breathtaking responsibility and exhilarating challenge! TP
SISTER SCHAEFFLER, O.P., is associate director for Adult Faith Formation for the Archdiocese of Detroit, Mich.